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Sapium glandulosum(L.) Morong
Common Name:Leche de olivo, Miel, Olivo, Olivo macho

Pitt., Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 20:127.1918

Monoecious tree, to 30 m tall and 90 cm dbh,glabrous all over. Trunk weakly buttressed; younger trunks andbranches bearing short, stout, branched spines; outer bark thin,hard, in ± rectangular patches, easily peeling, withhorizontal scars 6-20 cm long staggered on trunk; inner bark verygranular; sap copious, milky, especially in branches. Leavesalternate, simple, somewhat cori­aceous; stipules ca 1 mmlong, triangular, subpersistent; petioles 2-5.5 cm long, with 2stipitate glands near apex; blades oblong-elliptic to obovate, witha hooded acumen, obtuse at base, (9) 13-18 (27) cm long, 3-5 (8) cmwide, the margins revolute, irregularly and minutely toothed;juvenile leaves thinner, the teeth much longer and         gland-­tipped.Spikes solitary, terminal or in uppermost axils, bisexual, to 25 cmlong; corolla and disk lacking; stami­nate flowers globular topyriform, to 1.3 mm long, in groups of 7-14, inserted on axis abovea minute bract, the bract bearing a pair of flattened glands ca 3mm long, the flowers and glands violet-purple; calyx 4-lobed, ca0.5 mm long, the pairs of lobes unequal; stamens 2, included;anthers extrorse; pollen orange, tacky; pistillate flowers 5-10,solitary at basal nodes, the bract as in staminate flowers butusually larger; calyx (2) 3-5-lobed, sometimes obscurely so; ovaryorbicular; styles 3, simple, ca 2 mm long, united only at base, inpart deciduous. Capsules ovoid, to 1 cm long,              short-stipitate,with 6 longitudinal grooves, splitting into 3 segments; seeds 1 persegment,     compressed-ovoid, ca 6 mm long,minutely warty, covered most of its length at maturity with abright red, thin, pulpy layer. Croat 14998, Foster 1787.

Occasional in the forest. Flowers from late Mayto July. The fruits mature from July to September. Leaves fall inthe early dry season, usually in February, and grow back toward theend of the dry season or in the early rainy season.

Range uncertain, possibly restricted to Panamawhere it is known principally from tropical moist forest in theCanal Zone, Veraguas, Panama, and Darién and also from lowermontane wet forest in Chiriqui (near Cerro Punta).

See Fig. 325.

Images
Source:ESP
Sapium  glandulosum
Sapium glandulosum capsule
Steven Paton
Source:ESP
Sapium  glandulosum
Sapium glandulosum flower
Steven Paton
Source:ESP
Sapium  glandulosum
Sapium glandulosum Inflorescence
Steven Paton
Source:ESP
Sapium  glandulosum
Sapium glandulosum Inflorescence
Steven Paton
Source:ESP
Sapium  glandulosum
Sapium glandulosum flower plant
Steven Paton
Source:ESP
Sapium  glandulosum
Sapium glandulosum immature-fruit
Steven Paton
Source:ESP
Sapium  glandulosum
Sapium glandulosum immature-Infructescences
Steven Paton
Source:ESP
Sapium  glandulosum
Sapium glandulosum immature-fruit plant
Steven Paton
Source:ESP
Sapium  glandulosum
Sapium glandulosum leaf
Steven Paton
Source:ESP
Sapium  glandulosum
Sapium glandulosum seed-dry
Steven Paton
Source:ESP
Sapium  glandulosum
Sapium glandulosum seed-wet
Steven Paton
Source:ESP
Sapium  glandulosum
Sapium glandulosum leaf base
Steven Paton
Source:CTFS
Sapium  glandulosum
Sapium glandulosum Leaf
Rolando Pérez
Source:CTFS
Sapium  glandulosum
Sapium glandulosum Fruit
Rolando Pérez
Source:CTFS
Sapium  glandulosum
Sapium glandulosum Gland
Rolando Pérez
Source:CTFS
Sapium  glandulosum
Sapium glandulosum Fruit Leaf
Rolando Pérez
Source:CTFS
Sapium  glandulosum
Sapium glandulosum Leaf
Rolando Pérez
Source:CTFS
Sapium  glandulosum
Sapium glandulosum Leaf
Rolando Pérez
Source:CTFS
Sapium  glandulosum
Sapium glandulosum
Rolando Pérez
Source:CTFS
Sapium  glandulosum
Sapium glandulosum Trunk
Rolando Pérez
Source:CTFS
Sapium  glandulosum
Sapium glandulosum Trunk
Rolando Pérez
Sapium  glandulosum
Sapium glandulosum
Rolando Pérez
Source:ANDRES HERNANDEZ
Sapium  glandulosum
Sapium glandulosum
Andrés Hernández
Source:WRIGHT_PHENOLOGY
Sapium  glandulosum
Sapium glandulosum Timeseries
STEVEN PATON
Source:CTFS
Sapium  glandulosum
Sapium glandulosum
Nefertaris Daguerre
Source:CTFS
Sapium  glandulosum
Sapium glandulosum
Nefertaris Daguerre
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