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Cryosophila warscewiczii(H. Wendl.) Bartlett
Common Name:White palm

(H. Wendl.) Bartl., Publ. Carnegie Inst. Wash. 461:38.1935

Acanthorrhiza warscewiczii H. Wendl.; C.albida Bartl.;

C. guagara P. H. Allen

Noli, Palma de escoba

Tree, to 10 m tall; trunks 10-15 cm diam abovethe en­larged base, much of the trunk bearing spines, at leastwhen young, the spines simple or branched, to 16 (35) cm long,sometimes restricted to base of older plants. Petioles longer thanblade, broadly canaliculate; blades round in outline, 1.5-2 m diamor more, palmately veined and irregularly lobed almost to base,lobed completely to base on lower margin, green and glabrous onupper surface, densely whitish-pubescent on lower surface, thetrichomes so small and appressed as to appear glaucous (sometimesarachnoid with brown trichomes on veins); juvenile bladestriangular in outline, deeply 2- or 3-lobed (more in age), denselyarachnoid-pubescent.     Inflores­cences interfoliar,nodding, the spathelets (nodifronds) short, acuminate, denselywoolly on outside, ultimately deciduous, the outer ones coriaceous,the outermost usually bearing 2 keels, the inner ones longer, eachsub­tending a branch of the spadix, to 15 or 30 cm long,closely enveloping at least lower part of branch; spadix branchesat least as long as broad, 30-75 cm long, the main axis stout, thebranches very short or to ca 30 cm long, densely flowered; flowersbisexual, 3-parted, gla­brous; sepals oblong; petals broadlyobovate to rounded, concave, 2.5-4 mm long, the margins thin, thesepals and petals stiff, erect, forming a narrow tube; stamens 6;filaments in pairs, flattened, broad and united at base, slightlylonger than petals and cernuous near apex; an­thers ca 1 mmlong, pendent on outside of corolla just above apex; pistils 3,narrowly ovoid, long-tapered to apex, curved outward just aboveapex; stigmas held just above.throat of corolla. Fruits round toobovate, mostly 1-2 cm diam, smooth, fleshy and white at maturity;peri­carp thin; seed 1, round, 8 mm or more diam. Croat17017.

Common in some areas of the younger forest, especially on theeast side of the island. Flowers from May to Octo­ber inPanama (as late as December elsewhere in Central America), chieflyin August. The fruits develop in 2 to 3 months, mostly betweenAugust and December. Popula­tions may flower twice in a year;those seen in flower in October had mature-sized fruits aswell.

Recognized by the palmate leaves, the whitefleshy fruits, and the branched spines on the trunk, which Bailey(1943) considered to be root thorns. Cryosophilaalbida Bartl. and C. guagara P. H. Allencannot be considered distinct from C. warscewiczii, sincekey characters such as pubescence and fruit size are veryvariable.

Belize to Panama, no doubt also Colombia. InPanama, known from tropical moist forest on both slopes of theCanal Zone and in Panama and Darien; known also from premontane wetforest in Coclé (El Valle) and Panama (Cerro Campana) and fromtropical wet forest in Darien. See Fig. 63.

 

Images
Source:ESP
Cryosophila  warscewiczii
Cryosophila warscewiczii fruit
Steven Paton
Source:ESP
Cryosophila  warscewiczii
Cryosophila warscewiczii seed-wet
Steven Paton
Source:ROUBIK_POLLEN
Cryosophila  warscewiczii
Cryosophila warscewiczii
Enrique Moreno, David Roubik
Source:CTFS
Cryosophila  warscewiczii
Cryosophila warscewiczii Fruit
Rolando Pérez
Source:CTFS
Cryosophila  warscewiczii
Cryosophila warscewiczii Leaf
Rolando Pérez
Source:CTFS
Cryosophila  warscewiczii
Cryosophila warscewiczii Trunk
Rolando Pérez
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