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Craugastor ranoides Cope 1886

Critically Endangered (IUCN 3.1)



Species description based on Savage (2002). Males are much smaller than females. Males reach lengths of 45 mm, females, 74 mm.


Dorsal coloration varies from olive green to olive brown. Darker spots or blotches are usually present. The dorsal surface may be smooth or slightly bumpy. The upper surfaces of the arms and legs have dark bars.


The ventral surface is smooth and yellow.

Concealed surfaces

Rear surfaces of thighs are dark brown, with many small light spots.


The upper half of the iris is golden, the lower half brown.

Ecology behavior and evolution


This species is often found near smaller streams (Savage 2002). It jumps into the water to escape threats (Savage 2002).


This species has no vocal sac and probably does not call (Savage 2002).


2N = 20 (DeWeese 1976)

Taxonomy and systematics



Cope 1886


Eleutherodactylus pittieri, Eleutherodactylus ranoides, Hylodes pittieri, Hylodes ranoides, Liohyla pittieri, Liohyla ranoides, Lithodytes ranoides

Type locality


Habitat and distribution


Lowland and premontane wet forest to 1220 m. Craugastor ranoides may also be found at some drier sites (Puschendorf et al 2005, Savage 2002).


Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Panama


Craugastor ranoides distribution
Distrubution map (IUCN)


Campbell, JA and JM Savage. 2000. Taxonomic reconsideration of Middle American frogs of the Eleutherodactylus rugulosus group (Anura: Leptodactylidae): A reconnaissance of subtle nuances among frogs. Herpetological Monographs 14: 186-292.

Cope, ED. 1886. Thirteenth contribution to the herpetology of tropical America. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 23: 271-287.

Crawford, AJ and EN Smith. 2005. Cenozoic biogeography and evolution in direct-developing frogs of Central America (Leptodactylidae: Eleutherodactylus) as inferred from a phylogenetic analysis of nuclear and mitochondrial genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 35: 536-555.

DeWeese, JE. 1976. The karyotypes of Middle American frogs of the genus Eleutherodactylus (Anura: Leptodactylidae): A case study of the significance of the karyologic method. PhD dissertation. University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA.

Goldberg, SR and CR Bursey. 2008. Helminths from ten species of Brachycephalid frogs (Anura: Brachycephalidae) from Costa Rica. Comparative Parasitology 75(2):255-262.

Hedges, SB, WE Duellman and MP Heinicke. 2008. New World direct-developing frogs (Anura: Terrarana): molecular phylogeny, classification, biogeography, and conservation. Zootaxa 1737: 1-182.

Puschendorf, R, G Chaves, AJ Crawford, and DR Brooks. 2005. Eleutherodactylus ranoides (NCN). Dry forest population, refuge from decline? Herpetological Review 36(1): 53.

Sasa, M and A Solorzano. 1995. The reptiles and amphibians of Santa Rosa National Park, Costa Rica, with comments about the herpetofauna of xerophytic areas. Herpetological Natural History: 113-126.

Savage, JM. 2002. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Costa Rica: A Herpetofauna between two Continents, between two Seas. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Sunyer, J, G Paiz, DM Dehling, and G Kohler. 2009. A collection of amphibians from Río San Juan, southeastern Nicaragua. Herpetology Notes 2: 189-202.