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Colostethus latinasus Cope 1863

Data Deficient (IUCN 3.1)

Common name

Truando Rocket Frog



Species description based on Savage (1968). Small frog. Males to 24.5 mm, females to 34 mm.


The dorsal surface is brown, with a pair of lighter dorsolateral stripes running from the head back to the groin.


The throat is white mottled with brown, mottling may extends onto the belly, which is mostly pale white.

Concealed surfaces

Lateral surface has a broad black stripe, the latter portion of which is interrupted by a narrower white stripe extending from the groin but not reaching the light dorso-lateral stripes. The posterior surface of the thigh is uniformly brown infused with grey, while the upper part of the thigh is dark, sometimes with obscure, dark bars.


Colostethus latinasus has almost no webbing on the feet (Savage 1968, Grant 2004). The third finger of males is not swollen in this species.

Similar species

Savage (1968) provides excellent guidelines for differentiating among the dendrobatids of Central America.


No published sequences.

Life history


Tadpoles are brown with some darker brown markings on the tail (Savage 1968). A drawing of the tadpole and mouthparts of C. latinasus can be found in Savage (1968).

Ecology behavior and evolution


Colostethus latinasus is generally found in montane cloudforest, farther from streams than other Colostethus (e.g. C. inguinalis and C. panamensis, Grant et al 2004).

Taxonomy and systematics



Cope 1863


Colostethus latinosus, Phyllobates latinasus

Type locality

Type: Truando region, New Granada (Colombia) Neotype: Panama, probably on Cerro Pirre above Santa Cruz de Cana, Darién Province (Panama)


The type specimen was lost (Barbour and Noble 1920). A neotype was established by Savage (1968).

Habitat and distribution


Lower montane forest between 1100 and 1440 m elevation.


Panama, possibly Colombia


Barbour, T and GK Noble 1920. Some amphibians from northwestern Peru, with a revision of the genera Phyllobates and Telmatobius. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 63: 395-427.

Cope, ED 1874. On some Batrachia and Nematognathi brought from the upper Amazon by Prof. Orton. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 26: 120-137.

Cope, ED. 1863. On Trachycephalus, Scaphiopus and other Batrachia. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 15: 43-54.

Cope, ED. 1866. Fourth contribution to the herpetology of tropical America. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 18: 123-132.

Edwards, SR. 1971. Taxonomic notes on South American Colostethus with descriptions of two new species (Amphibia, Dendrobatidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 84: 147-162.

Grant, T. 2004. On the identities of Colostethus inguinalis (Cope, 1868) and C. panamensis (Dunn, 1933), with comments on C. latinasus (Cope, 1863) (Anura: Dendrobatidae). American Museum Novitates 3444: 1-24

Ibáñez, R, F Solís, C Jaramillo, and AS Rand. 2000. An overwiew of the herpetology of Panama. In: Johnson, JD, RG Webb, and OA Flores-Villela. Eds. Mesoamerican Herpetology: Systematics, Zoogeography and Conservation, pp. 159-170. The University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, Texas.

Savage, JM. 1968. The dendrobatid frogs of central America. Copeia 1968: 745-776.