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Ranitomeya minuta Schreve 1935

Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)
Ranitomeya minuta
Bluebelly poison frog (Ranitomeya minuta)

Common name

Bluebelly Poison Frog, Blue-bellied Poison Frog, Blue-bellied Poison-arrow Frog



Species description based on Ibanez et al (1999). A tiny poison frog (males to 15 mm, females to 16 mm).

Ranitomeya minuta Adult 1 Ranitomeya minuta Adult 2


The dorsum is dark brown or black. A faint golden or orange stripe is present lines the edges of the dorsum. A more distict yellow or orange line extends from the lip, below the eye, to the arm. The arms and legs are dark, lightening to orange or yellow where they meet the body.

Ranitomeya minuta Dorsal 1 Ranitomeya minuta Dorsal 2


The ventral surface is marbled black or brown with light blue.

Ranitomeya minuta Ventral 1


The iris is black.

Ecology behavior and evolution


Ranitomeya minuta consumes mites (Simon and Toft 1991).


An inhabitant of the leaf litter (Ibanez et al 1999).


A short, quiet, buzz repeated infrequently (Ibanez et al 1999)

Taxonomy and systematics



Schreve 1935


Dendrobates minutus, Dendrobates shreve, Minyobates minutus

Type locality

Barro Colorado Island, Panama Canal Zone

Habitat and distribution


Lowland forest to 1000 m.


Colombia, Panama


Ranitomeya minuta distribution
Distrubution map (IUCN)


Clough, M and K Summers. 2000. Phylogenetic systematics and biogeography of the poison frogs: evidence from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 70(3): 515 - 540.

Daly, JW, CW Meyers, and N Whittaker. 1987. Further classification of skin alkaloids from neotropical poison frogs (Dendrobatidae), with a general survey of toxic/noxious substances in the Amphibia. Toxicon 25: 1023-1095.

Dunn, ER. 1940. New and noteworthy herpetological material from Panama. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 92: 105-122.

Grant, T, DR Frost, JP Caldwell, R Gagliardo, CFB Haddad, PJR Kok, DB Means, BP Noonan, WE Schargel, and WC Wheeler. 2006. Phylogenetic systematics of dart-poison frogs and their relatives (Amphibia: Athesphatanura: Dendrobatidae). Sistemática filogenética de las ranas venenosas y sus afines (Amphibia: Athesphatanura: Dendrobatidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 299: 1-262.

Ibañez, R, AS Rand, and CA Jaramillo. 1999. Los anfibios del Monumento Natural Barro Colorado, Parque Nacional Soberanía y areas adyacentes. Mizrachi, E. and Pujol, S.A., Santa Fe de Bogota.

Ibáñez, R, F Solís, C Jaramillo, and AS Rand. 2000. An overwiew of the herpetology of Panama. In: Johnson, JD, RG Webb, and OA Flores-Villela. Eds. Mesoamerican Herpetology: Systematics, Zoogeography and Conservation. The University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, Texas.

Jungfer, K-H, S Lötters, and D Jörgens. 2000. Der kleinste Pfeilgiftfrosche—eine neue Dendrobates-Art aus West-Panama. Herpetofauna. Weinstadt 22:11–18.

Lips, KR, JD Reeve, and LR Witters. 2003. Ecological traits predicting amphibian population declines in Central America. Conservation Biology 17(4): 1078-1088.

Lotters, S, KH Jungfer, FW Henkel, and W Schmidt. 2007. Poison Frogs. Biology, Species & Captive Maintenance. Frankfurt am Main: Edition Chimaira.

Myers, CW and JW Daly. 1976. Preliminary evaluation of skin toxins and vocalizations in taxonomic and evolutionary studies of poison-dart frogs (Dendrobatidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 157: 173-262.

Myers, CW. 1987. New generic names from some neotropical poison frogs (Dendrobatidae). Papeis Avulsos de Zoologia. São Paulo 36: 301-306.

Roberts, JL, JL Brown, R von May, W Arizabal, A Presar, R Symula, R Schulte, and K Summers. 2009. Phylogenetic relationships among poison frogs of the genus Dendrobates (Dendrobatidae): a molecular perspective from increased taxon sampling. The Herpetological Journal 16(4): 377-385.

Ruiz-Carranza, PM and Ramirez-Pinilla. 1992. Una nueva especie de Minyobates (Anura: Dendrobatidae) in Colombia. Lozania 61: 1-16.

Ruiz-Carranza, PM, MC Ardila-Robayo, and JD Lynch. 1996. Lista actualizada de la fauna de Amphibia de Colombia. Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales: 365-415.

Savage, JM. 1968. The dendrobatid frogs of Central America. Copeia 1968: 745-776.

Shreve, B. 1935. On a new teiid and Amphibia from Panama, Ecuador, and Paraguay. Occasional Papers of the Boston Society of Natural History 8: 209-218.

Silverstone, PA. 1975. A revision of the poison-arrow frogs of the genus Dendrobates Wagler. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County Science Bulletin 21: 1-55.

Simon, MP and CA Toft. 1991. Diet specialization in small vertebrates: mite-eating in frogs. OIKOS 61: 263-278.

Toft, CA. 1980. Seasonal variation in populations of Panamanian litter frogs and their prey: a comparison of wetter and drier sites. Oecologia 47(1): 34-38.

Toft, CA. 1995. Evolution of diet specialization in poison-dart frogs (Dendrobatidae). Herpetologica 51: 201-216.

Vences, M, J Kosuch, R Boistel, CFB Haddad, E La Marca, S Loetters, and M Veith. 2003. Convergent evolution of aposematic coloration in Neotropical poison frogs: A molecular phylogenetic perspective. Organisms Diversity and Evolution 3: 215-226.

Additional resources

Audio Files

Vocalization of Ranitomeya minuta