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Oophaga speciosa Schmidt 1857

Endangered (IUCN 3.1)
Oophaga speciosa
Oophaga speciosus frog

Common name

Splendid Poison Frog, Splendid Poison-arrow Frog



Species description based on Schmidt (1858) and Silverstone (1975). A small poison frog (to 30 mm).


The dorsal surface is deep red, with faint black, irregular venations. The skin of the dorsum is smooth.

Ecology behavior and evolution


Stomachs contained mostly ants and mites (Silverstone 1975).

Taxonomy and systematics


  • Kingdom:Animalia


Schmidt 1857


Dendrobates speciousus, Hylaplesia speciosa

Type locality

er Weg zwischen Bocca del toro und dem Vulcan Chiriqui. . . zwischen 5000′ und 7000′ Höhe (Panama)

Habitat and distribution


Montane forest


Oophaga speciosa is known only from Panama.


Oophaga speciosa distribution
Distrubution map (IUCN)


Bauer, L. 1994. New names in the family Dendrobatidae (Anura, Amphibia). Ripa. Netherlands Fall: 1-6.

Edwards, MW, JW Daly, and CW Myers. 1988. Alkaloids from a Panamanian poison frog, Dendrobates speciosus: identification of pumiliotoxin-A and allopumiliotoxin class alkaloides, 3,5 disubstituted indolizidines, 5-substituted 8-methylindolizidines, and a 2-methyl-6-nonyl-4 hydroxypiperidine. Lloydia. Journal of Natural Products 51: 1188-1189.

Grant, T, DR Frost, JP Caldwell, R Gagliardo, CFB Haddad, PJR Kok, DB Means, BP Noonan, WE Schargel, and WC Wheeler. 2006. Phylogenetic systematics of dart-poison frogs and their relatives (Amphibia: Athesphatanura: Dendrobatidae). Sistemática filogenética de las ranas venenosas y sus afines (Amphibia: Athesphatanura: Dendrobatidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 299: 1-262.

Günther, ACLG. 1859. Catalogue of the Batrachia Salientia in the Collection of the British Museum. London: Taylor and Francis.

Häupl, M, and F Tiedemann. 1978. Vertebrata 1. Typenkatalog der Herpetologischen Sammlung. Kataloge der Wissenschaftlichen Sammlungen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 2: 7-34.

Ibáñez, R, F Solís, C Jaramillo, and AS Rand. 2000. An overwiew of the herpetology of Panama. In: Johnson, JD, RG Webb, and OA Flores-Villela. Eds. Mesoamerican Herpetology: Systematics, Zoogeography and Conservation. The University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, Texas.

Jungfer, K-H. 1985. Beitrag zur Kenntnis von Dendrobates speciosus O. Schmidt, 1857 (Salientia: Dendrobatidae). Salamandra 21: 263-280.

Lotters, S, KH Jungfer, FW Henkel, and W Schmidt. 2007. Poison Frogs. Biology, Species & Captive Maintenance. Frankfurt am Main: Edition Chimaira.

Myers, CW, JW Daly, and V Martinez. 1984. An arboreal poison frog (Dendrobates) from western Panama. American Museum of Natural History Novitates 2783: 1-20.

Savage, JM. 1968. The dendrobatid frogs of Central America. Copeia 1968: 745-776.

Savage, JM. 1970. On the trail of the golden frog: with Warszewicz and Gabb in Central America. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, 4th Series 38: 273-288.

Schmidt, O. 1857. Diagnosen neuer Frösche des zoologischen Cabinets zu Krakau. Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe 24: 10-15.

Schmidt, O. 1858. Deliciae herpetologicae Musei Zoologici Cracoviensis, beschreibung der im K.K. Museum zu Krakau befindlichen, von J.V. Warszewitz in Neu-Granada und Bolivia Gesammelten. Ungeschwäntzen Batrachier. Denkschriften. Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klass 14: 237-258.

Silverstone, PA. 1975. A revision of the poison-arrow frogs of the genus Dendrobates Wagler. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County Science Bulletin 21: 1-55.

Additional resources