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Hyloxalus chocoensis Boulenger 1912

Data Deficient (IUCN 3.1)
Hyloxalus chocoensis
Hyloxalus chocoensis frog

Common name

Choco Rocket Frog



Species description based on Cochran and Goin (1970). A small poison frog (to 28 mm).


The dorsum is gray in preservative. A light dorsolateral line extends from the eye along the upper side of the body to the rear, where it nearly meet the line from the other side. Thighs are lightly barred. The lip line is white.


The ventral surface is grey at the throat, gradually becoming lighter towards the rear.

Taxonomy and systematics



Boulenger 1912


Colostethus chocoensis, Hylixalus chocoensis, Phyllobates chocoensis, Prostherapis chocoensis

Type locality

Noananoa, Rio San Juan, Choco, S. W. Colombia, about 100 feet


The taxonomy of this species is currently unresolved.

Habitat and distribution


Lowland and premontane forest to about 1600 m.


Colombia, Panama


Boulenger, GA. 1912. Descriptions of new batrachians from the Andes of South America, preserved in the British Museum. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 10(56): 185-191.

Cochran, DM and CJ Goin. 1970. Frogs of Colombia. United States National Museum Bulletin, Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.

Coloma, LA. 1995. Ecuadorian frogs of the genus Colostethus (Anura: Dendrobatidae). University of Kansas Natural History Museum Miscellaneous Publication 87: 1-72.

Edwards, SR. 1971. Taxonomic notes on South American Colostethus with descriptions of two new species (Amphibia, Dendrobatidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 84: 147-162.

Grant, T, DR Frost, JP Caldwell, R Gagliardo, CFB Haddad, PJR Kok, DB Means, BP Noonan, WE Schargel, and WC Wheeler. 2006. Phylogenetic systematics of dart-poison frogs and their relatives (Amphibia: Athesphatanura: Dendrobatidae). Sistemática filogenética de las ranas venenosas y sus afines (Amphibia: Athesphatanura: Dendrobatidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 299: 1-262.

Grant, T, EC Humphrey, and CW Myers. 1997. The median lingual process of frogs: a bizarre character of Old World ranoids discovered in South American dendrobatids. American Museum Novitates 3212: 1-40.

Ibáñez, R, F Solís, C Jaramillo, and AS Rand. 2000. An overwiew of the herpetology of Panama. In: Johnson, JD, RG Webb, and OA Flores-Villela. Eds. Mesoamerican Herpetology: Systematics, Zoogeography and Conservation. The University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, Texas.

Myers, CW and T Grant . 2009. Anomaloglossus confusus, a new Ecuadorian frog formerly masquerading as ""Colostethus"" chocoensis (Dendrobatoidea: Aromobatidae). American Museum Novitates 3659: 1-12."

Myers, CW. 1991. Distribution of the dendrobatid frog Colostethus chocoensis and description of a related species occurring macrosympatrically. American Museum Novitates 3010: 1-15.

Ruiz-Carranza, PM, MC Ardila-Robayo, and JD Lynch. 1996. Lista actualizada de la fauna de Amphibia de Colombia. Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales: 365-415.

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