Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System
Updated: 06/12/2008  

Contributors | Glossary | Settings  
Home General
What Fish is That?The FishesLibraryRandom ImagesGlossaryResearch Engine

Species Information          
Book mode off
  Book mode off  
Perciformes  -  Mugilidae  -  Mugil  -  Mugil cephalus

Mugil cephalus

All Families(148) All Genera(504) All Species(1287)
upper side - thin dark stripes
D2 & A: scales front & base only
lateral scales 37-43

outer row teeth - 1 point
pectoral not reaching origin D1
A: III, 8


Mugil cephalus Linnaeus, 1758

Striped mullet,     Grey mullet,     Flat-head mullet
Moderately elongate, robust body; head broad, flattened above; eyes mostly covered by a well developed transparent fatty eyelid; mouth small (rear end of upper jaw reaching to level of anterior rim of eye),  opens at front,  lips thin, with knob at front of lower lips; outer row of teeth in jaws simple (not forked); no teeth on tongue or roof of mouth; two short, widely spaced dorsal fins, IV + I, 8;  anal fin III, 8; pectorals high on body, 1st  ray hard,  fin not reaching level of origin of first dorsal fin; pelvics inserted behind pectoral base; forked tail; scales moderate to large, rough on body of adults;  scales in lateral series 39-44; second dorsal and anal with scales on front and base only; no lateral line.

Olive on back, silvery on sides, and white below; 6-7 brownish stripes on side.

Size: grows to 135 cm.

Habitat: forms schools in sandy bottom areas, but large adults sometimes seen near the surface in clear water near reefs.

Depth: 0-125 m.

Circumglobal in tropical and temperate seas; Southern California to the Gulf of California to Peru; Cocos and Galapagos.

  WoRMS FishBase Search OBIS Search
ITIS Catalog of Fishes Encyclopedia of Life

Questions or comments

Email STRI data manager

Print Friendly Version

© Copyright 2008 to 2015 - Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute
Programmed by Coeus Knowledge Systems Pty Ltd