Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System
Updated: 06/12/2008  

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Perciformes  -  Serranidae  -  Epinephelus  -  Epinephelus itajara

Epinephelus itajara

All Families(148) All Genera(504) All Species(1287)
  D: XI, spines shorter than rays
C: rounded

  grey + pale blotches & dark spots
juv: dark bars & spots


Epinephelus itajara (Lichtenstein, 1822)

Goliath grouper,     Itajara grouper

Body robust and oblong; wide and flat between eyes; eyes small; edge of preopercle angular; finely serrated; 21-24 gill rakers; dorsal fin XI, 15-16, the spines shorter than the rays; anal rays III, 8; pectoral rays 19; tail rounded.

Large fish:  grey or greenish with pale blotches and smaller dark brown or blackish spots scattered over upper parts of head, body, and on pectoral fins. Small fish  (< 100 cm) greenish to tawny brown with oblique, irregular darker brown bars.

The largest bony reef fish in the region, growing to 250 cm and 320 kg.

Size: 250 cm. Reaches at least 309 kg.

Habitat: rocky reefs as well as bays, estuaries and mangrove areas.

Depth: 1-100 m.

Western and eastern Atlantic and eastern Pacific; the SW and central E Gulf of California to Peru, the Revillagigedos, Cocos and Malpelo.

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