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Updated: 06/12/2008  

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Perciformes  -  Sphyraenidae  -  Sphyraena  -  Sphyraena barracuda

Sphyraena barracuda

All Families(148) All Genera(504) All Species(1287)
~ 20 dark bars + scattered black blotches
D2, A & C: dark, white tips
C: lobes in center

pectoral 11-13
pelvic origin under pectoral, before D
LL 75-85


Sphyraena barracuda 1771)

Great barracuda

Body very elongate, robust, cylindrical at the front; head long with a long pointed snout; large protractile mouth with a distinctly protruding lower jaw; jaws and roof of mouth with many long sharp-edged teeth of unequal sizes; two widely separated dorsal fins (V + I, 8); small pectorals, 11-13 rays; pelvics I, 5, small, origin under pectoral fins, before first dorsal fin; anal fins small, II, 8, similar to and under 2nd  dorsal; a forked tail; with central lobes; a well-developed, straight lateral line; small smooth scales,  75-85 on lateral line.

Mid-grey above, paler below, ~ 20 oblique dark bars on back, extending below lateral line at rear; dorsals, tail and anal fin blackish, with white contrasting tips; body with scattered irregular black blotches.

Size: 200 cm.

Habitat: coastal and oceanic, nearbottom to surface.

Depth: 0-25 m.

Atlantic and Indo-central Pacific; vagrant at the Galapagos and western Panama.

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