thorns: on shoulders, 1 row mid-back from nape to tail
pectoral: dark blotches, no ocelli
Raja equatorialis Jordan & Bollman, 1890
Equatorial skate, Tropical skate
Rhomboidal disc of flattened, pointed head, body and pectoral fins; large spiracles behind eyes; snout rigid; front edges of disc straight to convex; pelvic fins with 2 distinct lobes, rear one large; 2 small dorsal fins at rear of tail, no tail fin; spines on disc small, thin, not grooved, with oval bases; 1 row of thorns from nape back along disc and onto tail to first dorsal fin, another row on each side along tail; row of thorns inside of and before eye; patch of 4-5 short rows of thorns on disc opposite eye; spines on rear borders only of ventral side.
Light brown above, pale below; back with obscure brown reticulations, edges of disc paler; faint dark blotches at front and rear base of pectoral; dark marks between and below eyes.
Size: 88 cm.
Habitat: soft bottoms.
Depth: 20-200 m.
Southern Baja and the Gulf of California to Peru and Cocos.