(Aubl.) G. Jackson var. subsimplex (Spruce ex Benth.)Rudd, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 32:328-29.1955
Alcornoque, Pernillo de monte
Tree, to at least 25 m; trunk commonly 60 (100)cm dbh; outer bark thin, hard, with a ± reticulate pattern ofvery shallow fissures, flaking easily; inner bark granular, itsouter surface reddish with large whitish spots; stems weaklyflexuous, with ribs extending downward below each petiole; stems,petioles, and midribs densely pubescent,the trichomes matted, short, brown. Leaves alternate,imparipinnate, 25-40 cm long; petioles 6-10 cm long, the basalpulvinus prominent; petiolules ca 6 mm long; leaflets usually 9,oblong, abruptly acuminate and downturned at apex, obtuse toslightly cordate at base, 7-18 cm long, 4-7.5 cm wide, coriaceous,glabrous above, sparsely appressed-pubescent and somewhat viscidbelow, more densely so on veins, the margins turned somewhat upwardand wavy in age; secondary veins in 10-16 pairs, prominently raisedon lower surface. Inflorescences cymose-paniculate, terminal, to 30cm long; flowers purple; calyx tomentulose, 7-9 mmlong, 5-lobed to half its length; corolla1-1.5 cm long, rose-purple. Legumes flattened, oblong to obovate,3.5-5 cm long, 2-2.5 cm wide, glabrous, abruptly narrowed at apex,the valves reddish-brown at maturity, opening to expose seeds; seed1 (rarely 2), red and black, somewhat flattened, ca 1 cm long.Croat 5120.
Occasional, in the forest and along the shore.Flowers from June to August. The fruits probably mature in 4-6weeks, but may persist with the colorful seeds exposed until aboutflowering time of the next year. Plants are deciduous beforeflowering.
Panama to Brazil. In Panama, known only fromtropical moist forest on BCI.
See Fig. 293.