L., Sp. Pl. 533.1753
Chumico, Pasmo de sol
Androdioecious liana; bark on older stems thin and flaky; mostparts with both stellate and simple trichomes. Petioles 5-20mm long, winged to base; blades obovate to ± elliptic, roundedand abruptly acuminate to obtuse at apex, obtuse to attenuate atbase, decurrent on petiole, 6-20 cm long, 3-9.5 cm wide, entire toserrate, the simple trichomes sparse except on veins of lower leafsurface, the pubescence of upper surface often deciduous except forpustular bases; lateral veins in 10-15 (20) pairs. Flowersunisexual, 5-10 mm wide, pedicellate, rarely subsessile; sepals 5,densely pubescent inside; petals 3-5, obovate, to 5 mm long, white;stamens very numerous, about equaling petals, reduced in pistillateflowers; carpels 4 or 5, pyriform, usually pubescent with stiffwhite trichomes near apex, reduced in staminate flowers;styles 1 per carpel, ca 1.5 mm long. Follicles 4 or 5, glabrous toapically barbed, brown at maturity, 6-8 mm long, dehiscingalong inner side; aril red (pale yellow on drying), at firstenclosing seed; seeds 1-4, shiny, 3-4 mm long. Croat 6569,6802.
Frequent along the shore and within the forest, sometimesat the top of the canopy. Flowers usually from August to November,especially in September and October, rarely as early as June.The fruits mature chiefly from January to March.
Mexico to Colombia, Venezuela, Amazonian Brazil, and Peru; Cubaand Jamaica. In Panama, known principally from tropical moistforest in the Canal Zone, Panama, and Darien, but also fromtropical dry forest in Coclé and from premontane moist forestin Panama.