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Allobates talamancae Cope 1875

Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)
Allobates talamancae
Allobates talamancae
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Common name

Striped Rocket Frog, Talamanca Rocket Frog

Caption

The eggs of Allobates talamancae are laid in the leaf litter and usually guarded by the male (Ibanez et al 1999). Once the tadpoles hatch, the male or female (depending on the population, Summers 2000), carries them to a small stream to continue development (Ibanez et al 1999, Summers 2000).

Identification

Adult

Species description based on Ibanez et al (1999) and Savage (2002). Very small. Males 17-24 mm, females 16-25 mm.

Allobates talamancae Adult 1

Dorsal

Skin smooth. Dorsal surface dark brown; the limbs are a lighter shade of brown.

Allobates talamancae Dorsal 1

Ventral

Ventral surface is smooth and white. Males have a black throat and chest, whereas in females, the chest is white.

Distinguishing characteristics

Flank black, bordered by tan or bronze line above (running from the eye to the rear end) and a white line below (running from the lip to the groin). Some additional white lines or spots may be present below the primary white line.

Allobates talamancae Distinguishing characteristics 1

Eye

Iris bronze.

Extremities

Hands and feet without webs.

Life history

Breeding season

Breeds throughout the rainy season, and longer in wetter areas (Savage 2002). Males call during the day, mostly in the early morning or late afternoon, or after rainshowers (Savage 2002). This species avoids breeding in open pastures (Hawley 2008).

Tadpole

The tadpole is dark brown dorsally and slightly lighter ventrally, with a medium to dark brown, heavily pigmented tail (Savage 2002). Mouth contains a beak, with 2 teeth rows above and 3 below.

Ecology behavior and evolution

Diet

Allobates talamancae feeds on invertebrates, including ants (Toft 1981).

Call

A somewhat high-pitched "chip-chip, chip-chip" repeated a variable number of times (Ibanez et al 1999). A detailed description of the call may be found in Edwards (1974).

Behavior and communication

This species is diurnal, and can be found in the leaf litter on the forest floor (Ibanez et al 1999). Both males and females are territorial (Ibanez et al 1999).

Karyotype

2N = 24 (Bogart 1991)

Physiology

Although A. talamancae eats ants, it does not seem to accumulate alkaloids in its skin the way some other dendrobatids do (Darst et al 2005, Darst 2006). Thus, this species is non-toxic (Darst et al 2005, Darst 2006, Summers and Clough 2001).

Taxonomy and systematics

Taxonomy

  • Kingdom:Animalia

Authority

Cope 1875

Synonyms

Colostethus talamancae, Dendrobates talamancae, Hylasplesia talamancae, Phyllobates talamancae

Type locality

"near Old Harbour, on the East coast" (Costa Rica)

Habitat and distribution

Habitat

Humid lowland and premontane forest [from sea level] to 800 m.

Countries

countries
Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Nicaragua, Panama

Map

Allobates talamancae distribution
Distrubution map (IUCN)

Bibliography

Bogart, JP. 1991. The influence of life history on karyotypic evolution in frogs. In: Green, DM and SK Sessions. Eds. Amphibian Cytogenetics and Evolution. Academic Press, San Diego.

Brem, FMR and KR Lips. 2008. Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis infection patterns among Panamanian amphibian species, habitats and elevations during epizootic and enzootic stages. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 81: 189–202.

Coloma, LA. 1995. Ecuadorian frogs of the genus Colostethus (Anura: Dendrobatidae). University of Kansas Natural History Museum Miscellaneous Publication 87: 1-72.

Cope, ED. 1875. On the Batrachia and Reptilia of Costa Rica. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 2(8): 102.

Daly, JW, SI Secunda, HM Garraffo, TF Spande, A Wisnieski and JF Cover, Jr. 1994. An uptake system for dietary alkaloids in poison frogs (Dendrobatidae). Toxicon 32(6) 657-663.

Darst, CR. 2006. Evolutionary and Ecological Dynamics of Aposematism and Mimicry in Poison Frogs. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Texas at Austin, Austin.

Darst, CR, PA Menendez-Guerrero, LA Coloma, and DC Cannatella. 2005. Evolution of dietary specialization and chemical defense in poison frogs (Dendrobatidae): a comparative analysis. American Naturalist 165(1): 56-69.

Edwards, SR. 1974. A Phenetic Analysis of the Genus Colostethus (Anura: Dendrobatidae). PhD dissertation, University of Kansas, Lawrence.

Faivovich, J, CFB Haddad, PCO Garcia, DR Frost, JA Campbell, and WC Wheeler. 2005. Systematic review of the frog family Hylidae, with special reference to Hylinae: Phylogenetic analysis and taxonomic revision. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History: 1-240.

Grant, T, DR Frost, JP Caldwell, R Gagliardo, CFB Haddad, PJR Kok, DB Means, BP Noonan, WE Schargel, and WC Wheeler. 2006. Phylogenetic systematics of dart-poison frogs and their relatives (Amphibia: Athesphatanura: Dendrobatidae). Sistemática filogenética de las ranas venenosas y sus afines (Amphibia: Athesphatanura: Dendrobatidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 299: 1-262.

Hawley, TJ. 2008. Mechanisms Underlying Frog Occupancy Patterns in a Landscape Mosaic of Tropical Forest and Pasture. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Miami, Coral Gables.

Ibañez, R, AS Rand, and CA Jaramillo. 1999. Los anfibios del Monumento Natural Barro Colorado, Parque Nacional Soberanía y areas adyacentes. Mizrachi, E. and Pujol, S.A., Santa Fe de Bogota.

Ibáñez, R, F Solís, C Jaramillo, and AS Rand. 2000. An overwiew of the herpetology of Panama. In: Johnson, JD, RG Webb, and OA Flores-Villela. Eds. Mesoamerican Herpetology: Systematics, Zoogeography and Conservation. The University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, Texas.

Köhler, G, AZ Quintana, F Buitrago, and H Diethert. 2004. New and noteworthy records of amphibians and reptiles from Nicaragua. Salamandra 40(1): 15-24.

Leenders, T. 2001. A Guide to Amphibians And Reptiles of Costa Rica. Zona Tropical, Miami.

Lotters, S, S Reichleb, and  KH Jungfer. 2003. Advertisement calls of neotropical poison frogs (Amphibia: Dendrobatidae) of the genera Colostethus, Dendrobates and Epipedobates, with notes on dendrobatid call classification. Journal of Natural History 37(15): 1899 - 1911.

Lynch, JD and SB Arroyo. 2009. Risks to Colombian amphibian fauna from cultivation of coca (Erythroxylum coca): a geographical analysis. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Part A 72(15-16): 974-985.

Morales, M, A Ortiz, E Toral, and J Regalado. 2002. Monitoreo del aprovechamiento forestal con especies indicadoras de herpetofaunaen el Chocó ecuatoriano, Esmeraldas, Ecuador. Componente de monitoreo biológico, Proyecto SUBIR-CARE. Informe Final Fase III, pp. 104-161. EcoCiencia, Quito, Ecuador.

Navas, CA. 1996a. Metabolic physiology, locomotor performance, and thermal niche breadth in neotropical anurans. Physiological Zoology 69:1481-1501.

Navas, CA. 1996b. The effect of temperature on the vocal activity of tropical anurans: a comparison of high and low-elevation species. Journal of Herpetology 30:488-497.

Pough, FH and TL Taigen. 1990. Metabolic correlates of the foraging and social behaviour of dart-poison frogs. Animal Behaviour 39(1): 145-155.

Ruiz-Carranza, PM, MC Ardila-Robayo, and JD Lynch. 1996. Lista actualizada de la fauna de Amphibia de Colombia. Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales 20: 365-415.

Santos, JC. 2002. Relaciones filogenéticas de Colostethus bocagei y Epipedobates tricolor (Anura: Dendrobatidae) inferidas de secuencias de genes mitocondriales 12S 16S y Citocromo b. Licenciatura Thesis, Pontificia Universidad Catolica del Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador.

Savage, JM. 1968. The dendrobatid frogs of Central America. Copeia 1968(4): 745-776.

Savage, JM. 2002. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Costa Rica: A Herpetofauna between two Continents, between two Seas. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Summers, K and ME Clough. 2001. The evolution of coloration and toxicity in the poison frog family (Dendrobatidae). La evolución de la coloración y toxicidad en la familia de ranas venenosas (Dendrobatidae). PNAS 98(11): 6227-6232.

Summers, K, LA Weigt, P Boag and E Bermingham. 1999. The evolution of female parental care in poison frogs of the genus Dendrobates: evidence from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Herpetologica 55(2): 254-270.

Summers, K. 2000. Mating and aggressive behaviour in dendrobatid frogs from Corcovado National Park, Costa Rica: a comparative study. Behaviour 137(1): 7-24.

Toft, CA. 1981. Feeding ecology of Panamanian litter anurans: patterns in diet and foraging mode. Herpetologica 15(2): 139-44.

Woodhams, DC, VL Kilburn , LK Reinert, J Voyles , D Medina, RIbáñez, AD Hyatt, DG Boyle, JD Pask, DM Green, and LA Rollins-Smith. 2008. Chytridiomycosis and amphibian population declines continue to spread eastward in Panama. EcoHealth 5(3): 268-274.

Additional resources

Audio Files

Vocalization of Allobates talamancae
[Metadata]

Images

Video


Striped Rocket Frog (Allobates talamancae)
[Metadata]

Rocket Frog (Allobates talamancae)
[Metadata]

Allobates talamancae
[Metadata]